Knowledge and Need Assessment on Pharmaceutical Product in Environmental Waters – KNAPPE

Leading organisations:
Association pour la Recherche et le Développement des Méthodes et Processus Industriels (France), Centre national du machinisme agricole, du génie rural, des eaux et des forêts (France), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spain), Ecologic-Institut für Internationale und Europäische Umweltpolitik GmbH (Germany), Politechnika Slaska (Poland), Higher Education Corporation of the University of Portsmouth (United Kingdom), University of York (United Kingdom), and Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (France)


Geographic Area:
British Isles Eastern Europe Iberian Peninsula Western Europe


To identify the relevant priority actions to be taken in the framework of a sustainable development in terms of lowering presence, impacts, and risk of pharmaceutical products (PPs) in the environment.

Target audience:
National/Local decision and policy makers, Scientists, and Water/waste service providers

Area of interest:
Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment, Pharmaceutical waste & waste management, Risks to ecosystems, Risks to human health, Wastewater, and Water treatment technologies


1) To establish a list of pharmaceutical products (PPs) most relevant in terms of exposure in the aquatic environment, identifying major gaps in data availability and quality, 2) To investigate the elimination efficiency of treatment processes (sewage treatment, drinking water production, specific industrial processes), 3) To present an overview of the eco-toxicological significance and health impacts of PPs, 4) To develop a classification system to prioritise the environmental risks of PPs, thus supporting water managers and health authorities to minimise point and diffuse pollution of water, 5) To assess current regulatory and policy approaches at EU level and specific Member States and identify options for the design of future policy instruments to limit water pollution from PPs, 6) To make recommendations for environmental stewardship (pollution prevention and monitoring) integrating green technology and ecopharmacovigilance schemes.

Communication material:

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HCWH Europe gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the European Commission (EC)’s LIFE+ programme, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Germany, and the German Environment Agency (UBA). HCWH Europe is solely responsible for the content of this project and related materials. The views expressed do not reflect the official views of the EC, BMU, or UBA.