Control of Hazardous Substances in the Baltic Sea Region – COHIBA

Leading organisations:
Environment Institute (Finland), Copenhagen Municipality (Denmark), Copenhagen Wastewater Treatment Plants (Denmark), Copenhagen Energy and Technical University of Denmark (Denmark), Baltic Environmental Forum (Estonia), Marine Institute (Estonia), University of Tartu (Estonia), Tallinn University of Technology (Estonia), Environmental Research Centre (Estonia), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Ministry for Agriculture (Germany), Environment and Consumer Protection (Germany), Baltic Environment Forum (Latvia), Institute for Aquatic Ecology (Latvia), Centre of Marine Research (Lithuania), Environmental Protection Agency (Lithuania), Ministry of Environment (Lithuania), Institute of Botany (Lithuania), Institute of Ecology of Industrial Areas - IETU (Poland), IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute (Sweden), Swedish Chemicals Agency - KEMI (Sweden), City of Stockholm (Sweden), HELCOM Secretariat (Finland), and Umweltbundesamt (Germany)


Geographic Area:
Baltic Sea Region


To identify the sources and inputs of 11 hazardous substances of special concern, as detailed in the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), and to develop measures to reduce emissions of these substances.

Target audience:
Local governments, National/Local decision and policy makers, Scientists, and Waste/water treatment providers

Area of interest:
Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment, Pharmaceutical waste & waste management, Risks to ecosystems, Wastewater, and Water treatment technologies


1) To identify the most important sources of 11 hazardous substances of special concern, 2) quantify inputs of the selected substances to the Baltic Sea, 3) analyse the pathways of the selected substances from production, processes and uses, to the marine environment, 4) create cost-effective management options to reduce discharges, 5) to contribute to the development of national implementation programmes.

Communication material:

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HCWH Europe gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the European Commission (EC)’s LIFE+ programme, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Germany, and the German Environment Agency (UBA). HCWH Europe is solely responsible for the content of this project and related materials. The views expressed do not reflect the official views of the EC, BMU, or UBA.